Tech Jungle


Windows uses 20% of your bandwidth
October 23, 2006, 7:17 pm
Filed under: Microsoft, Tips and Tricks, Windows

A nice little tweak for Windows XP or Windows Vista. Microsoft OS reserves 20% of your available bandwidth for their own purposes (may be for updates and interrogating your machine etc..)
Here’s how to get it back:

Click Start–>Run–>type “gpedit.msc”

This opens the group policy editor.

Then go to: Local Computer Policy–>Computer Configuration–>Administrative Templates–>Network–>QOS Packet Scheduler–>Limit Reservable Bandwidth

Double click on Limit Reservable bandwidth. It will say it is not configured, but go to ‘Explain’tab and you will know the truth:”By default, the Packet Scheduler limits the system to 20 percent of the bandwidth of a connection, but you can use this setting to override the default.”

So the trick is to ENABLE reservable bandwidth, then set it to Zreo.
This will allow the system to reserve nothing, rather than the default 20%.
I have tested on Windows XP,Windows XP Pro and Windows Vista Beta 2 and rc2(currently using) also.
Please give me feedback about your results also.

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Your Home Page Never Being Changed
October 23, 2006, 7:13 pm
Filed under: Tips and Tricks

Some websites illegally change or modify your registry editor and set their website as default home page, to stop this,

1. Right-click on the Internet Explorer icon on your desktop and select “Properties”.

2. In the “Target” box you will see “C:\Program Files\InternetExplorer\IEXPLORE.EXE”.

3. Now by adding the URL of the site to the end of this it overrides any Homepage setting in internet options:

“C:\Program Files\Internet Explorer\IEXPLORE.EXE” www.Google.com



Searching and Ranking in Google
October 22, 2006, 7:17 pm
Filed under: Google, Tips and Tricks

When people search Google, they are asking the company to find every instance of the term in its index and rank the corresponding documents by their relevance.

1 The user types a search query, the typical query is two or three words, which can make finding the most relevant result challenging, roughly one in 10 queries is misspelled.

2 Before Google provides and information, it identifies the searcher’s location through his or her internet protocol address. The IP helps speed up the search by sending the request to the nearest data center and allows Google to identify geographically appropriate ads to show with search result.

3 The query is sent to the central network the central network and then redirected to the nearest data center.
4 At the data center, the search term is run through the index, matching terms are sent back to the central network, then to the user with a summary of the web page, called a “snippet”.

THE SECRET SAUCE

Google determines which web sites are most relevant to a search term by using its “secret sauce”, a formula that weighs more than 200 measurements, such as the number of times the search term appears on a web page, the number of visitors to the page and the Page Rank- the number of sites linking to the page and the popularity of those sites.

You can also check how your web site by the different Google datacenters by Google cache tool and other tests like Web Site Popularity Checker, Search Engine Position Checker, Keyword Suggestion Tool, Web Site Analysis etc. at http://www.sitesolutions.com/tools.asp



How Google Works
October 21, 2006, 8:53 am
Filed under: Google, News


Google searches harness one of the most powerful supercomputers. A search, which typically takes less than a second, is the result of a complex journey that typically makes at least two stops, often thousands of miles apart.

1 Google creates its own version of the Internet, using automated programmers called Google bots, which crawl the web in search of new information. Web sites known to be important and frequently modified are scanned every few weeks.

2 Google bots feed key information from a Web page to Google’s central network: url, full text of the page, references to images and the other embedded files specific information the site owner creates about the page, called metadata.

3 At the central network, the information is indexed; every word that could be used in a search query is listed along with information referencing web sites where the word can be found.

4 The index is broken into “shards” and sent to data centers facilities made up of thousands of servers wired together around the world; because centers may have slightly different versions of the index, depending on when they received the last update, users in different places may get slightly different results for the same search.



Computer’s Shortcuts’ keys
October 19, 2006, 7:23 pm
Filed under: Tips and Tricks

Getting used to using your keyboard exclusively and leaving your mouse behind will make you much more efficient at performing any task on any Windows system. You can use following keyboard shortcuts every day:

Windows key + R = Run menu

This is usually followed by:
1 cmd = Command Prompt
2 iexplore + “web address” = Internet Explorer
3 compmgmt.msc = Computer Management
4 dhcpmgmt.msc = DHCP Management
5 dnsmgmt.msc = DNS Management
6 services.msc = Services
7 eventvwr = Event Viewer
8 dsa.msc = Active Directory Users and Computers
9 dssite.msc = Active Directory Sites and Services
10 Windows key + E = Explorer

ALT + Tab = Switch between windows
LT, Space, X = Maximize window
CTRL + Shift + Esc = Task Manager
W indows key + Break = System properties
Windows key + F = Search
Windows key + D = Hide/Display all windows CTRL + C = copy
CTRL + X = cut
CTRL + V = paste

Also don’t forget about the “Right-click” key next to the right Windows key on your keyboard. Using the arrows and that key can get just about anything done once you’ve opened up any program.

Keyboard Shortcuts:

1 [F1] Open Help for active application
2 Windows+M Minimize all open windows
3 Shift+Windows+M Undo minimize all open windows
4 Windows+F1 Open Windows Help
5 Windows+Tab Cycle through the Taskbar buttons
6 Windows+Break Open the System Properties dialog box
7 [Alt] and [Esc] Switch between running applications
8 [Alt] and letter Select menu item by underlined letter
9 [Ctrl] and [Esc] Open Program Menu
10 [Ctrl] and [F4] Close active document or group windows (does not work with some applications)
11 [Alt] and [F4] Quit active application or close current window
12 [Alt] and [-] Open Control menu for active document
13 [Ctrl] Lft., Rt. arrow Move cursor forward or back one word
14 [Ctrl] Up, Down arrow Move cursor forward or back one paragraph

Acessability shortcuts:

1 Right SHIFT for eight seconds–> Switch FilterKeys on and off.
2 SHIFT–> five times Switch StickyKeys on and off.
3 NUM LOCK–> for five seconds Switch ToggleKeys on and off.
4 Left ALT +left SHIFT +PRINT SCREEN–> Switch High Contrast on and off.
5 Left ALT +left SHIFT +NUM LOCK–> Switch MouseKeys on and off.

Explorer shortcuts:

1 NUM LOCK+ASTERISK–> on numeric keypad (*) Display all subfolders under the selected folder.
2 NUM LOCK+PLUS SIGN–> on numeric keypad (+) Display the contents of the selected folder.
3 NUM LOCK+MINUS SIGN–> on numeric keypad (-) Collapse the selected folder.
4 LEFT ARROW–> Collapse current selection if it’s expanded, or select parent folder.
5 RIGHT ARROW–> Display current selection if it’s collapsed, or select first subfolder.
6 END–> Display the bottom of the active window.
7 HOME–> Display the top of the active window.
8 Type just adress “google”, then press [Right CTRL] and [Enter]add www. and .com to word and go to it

Type the following commands in your Run Box (Windows Key + R) or Start Run:
1 devmgmt.msc = Device Manager
2 msinfo32 = System Information
3 cleanmgr = Disk Cleanup
4 ntbackup = Backup or Restore Wizard (Windows Backup Utility)
5 mmc = Microsoft Management Console
6 excel = Microsoft Excel (If Installed)
7 msaccess = Microsoft Access (If Installed)
8 powerpnt = Microsoft PowerPoint (If Installed)
9 winword = Microsoft Word (If Installed)
10 frontpg = Microsoft FrontPage (If Installed)
11 rstrui = System Restore
12 netscp6 = Netscape 6.x
13 netscp = Netscape 7.x
14 netscape = Netscape 4.x
15 control = Opens the Control Panel
16 control printers = Opens the Printers Dialog
17 notepad = Notepad
18 wordpad = WordPad
19 calc = Calculator
20 msmsgs = Windows Messenger
21 mspaint = Microsoft Paint
22 wmplayer = Windows Media Player

For Windows XP:
1 Copy. CTRL+C
2 Cut. CTRL+X
3 Paste. CTRL+V
4 Undo. CTRL+Z
5 Delete. DELETE
6 Delete selected item permanently without placing the item in the Recycle Bin. SHIFT+DELETE
7 Copy selected item. CTRL while dragging an item
8 Create shortcut to selected item. CTRL+SHIFT while dragging an item
9 Rename selected item. F2
10 Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next word. CTRL+RIGHT ARROW
11 Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous word. CTRL+LEFT ARROW
12 Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next paragraph. CTRL+DOWN ARROW
13 Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous paragraph. CTRL+UP ARROW
14 Highlight a block of text. CTRL+SHIFT with any of the arrow keys
15 Select more than one item in a window or on the desktop, or select text within a document. SHIFT with any of the arrow keys
16 Select all. CTRL+A
17 Search for a file or folder. F3
18 View properties for the selected item. ALT+ENTER
19 Close the active item, or quit the active program. ALT+F4
20 Opens the shortcut menu for the active window. ALT+SPACEBAR
21 Close the active document in programs that allow you to have multiple documents open simultaneously. CTRL+F4
22 Switch between open items. ALT+TAB
23 Cycle through items in the order they were opened. ALT+ESC
24 Cycle through screen elements in a window or on the desktop. F6
25 Display the Address bar list in My Computer or Windows Explorer. F4
26 Display the shortcut menu for the selected item. SHIFT+F10
27 Display the System menu for the active window. ALT+SPACEBAR
28 Display the Start menu. CTRL+ESC
29 Display the corresponding menu. ALT+Underlined letter in a menu name
30 Carry out the corresponding command. Underlined letter in a command name on an open menu
31 Activate the menu bar in the active program. F10
32 Open the next menu to the right, or open a submenu. RIGHT ARROW
33 Open the next menu to the left, or close a submenu. LEFT ARROW
34 Refresh the active window. F5
35 View the folder one level up in My Computer or Windows Explorer. BACKSPACE
36 Cancel the current task. ESC
37 SHIFT when you insert a CD into the CD-ROM drive Prevent the CD from automatically playing.

Use these keyboard shortcuts for dialog boxes:

1 Move forward through tabs. CTRL+TAB
2 Move backward through tabs. CTRL+SHIFT+TAB
3 Move forward through options. TAB
4 Move backward through options. SHIFT+TAB
5 Carry out the corresponding command or select the corresponding option. ALT+Underlined letter
6 Carry out the command for the active option or button. ENTER
7 Select or clear the check box if the active option is a check box. SPACEBAR
8 Select a button if the active option is a group of option buttons. Arrow keys
9 Display Help. F1
10 Display the items in the active list. F4
11 Open a folder one level up if a folder is selected in the Save As or Open dialog box. BACKSPACE

If you have a Microsoft Natural Keyboard, or any other compatible keyboard that includes the Windows logo key and the Application key , you can use these keyboard shortcuts:

1 Display or hide the Start menu. WIN Key
2 Display the System Properties dialog box. WIN Key+BREAK
3 Show the desktop. WIN Key+D
4 Minimize all windows. WIN Key+M
5 Restores minimized windows. WIN Key+Shift+M
6 Open My Computer. WIN Key+E
7 Search for a file or folder. WIN Key+F
8 Search for computers. CTRL+WIN Key+F
9 Display Windows Help. WIN Key+F1
10 Lock your computer if you are connected to a network domain, or switch users if you are not connected to a network domain. WIN Key+ L
11 Open the Run dialog box. WIN Key+R
12 Open Utility Manager. WIN Key+U

Shortcuts you can use with Windows Explorer:

1 Display the bottom of the active window. END
2 Display the top of the active window. HOME
3 Display all subfolders under the selected folder. NUM LOCK+ASTERISK on numeric keypad (*)
4 Display the contents of the selected folder. NUM LOCK+PLUS SIGN on numeric keypad (+)
5 Collapse the selected folder. NUM LOCK+MINUS SIGN on numeric keypad (-)
6 Collapse current selection if it’s expanded, or select parent folder. LEFT ARROW
7 Display current selection if it’s collapsed, or select first subfolder. RIGHT ARROW

Accessibility keyboard shortcuts:

1 Switch FilterKeys on and off. Right SHIFT for eight seconds
2 Switch High Contrast on and off. Left ALT+left SHIFT+PRINT SCREEN
3 Switch MouseKeys on and off. Left ALT +left SHIFT +NUM LOCK
4 Switch StickyKeys on and off. SHIFT five times
5 Switch ToggleKeys on and off. NUM LOCK for five seconds
6 Open Utility Manager. WIN Key+U

Tips for using your keyboard safely:

1 Using your keyboard properly can help avoid soreness or injury to your wrists, hands, and arms, particularly if you use your computer for long periods of time. Here are some tips to help you avoid problems:
2 Place your keyboard at elbow level. Your upper arms should be relaxed at your sides.
3 Center your keyboard in front of you. If your keyboard has a numeric keypad, you can use the spacebar as the centering point.
4 Type with your hands and wrists floating above the keyboard, so that you can use your whole arm to reach for distant keys instead of stretching your fingers.
5 Avoid resting your palms or wrists on any type of surface while typing. If your keyboard has a palm rest, use it only during breaks from typing.
6 While typing, use a light touch and keep your wrists straight.
7 When you’re not typing, relax your arms and hands.
8 Take short breaks from computer use every 15 to 20 minutes.



Get Free Windows Vista RC 1 DVDs
October 17, 2006, 7:13 pm
Filed under: Free Stuff, Windows Vista

Microsoft Windows Vista RC2
Missed out the opportunity of free Windows Vista Beta 2 DVD or registered late at http://www.merawindows.com/? Forget about that, now you can win atleast 2 Windows Vista RC 1 DVDs (advancement over Windows Vista Beta 2 you can also download or order it) just by participating in the two contests which is organize by http://www.merawindows.com/ and if you are really lucky you can also win a Microsoft notebook mouse or a wrist watch for yourself.

The contests conducted by merawindows include:

1. CLICK INDIA: In first contest all you have to do is upload the picture according the rules mentioned related to any of the festivals of the country (INDIA) and wait for the results photo at the mera windows.

The rules for the contest are:

a. Only registered members allowed.

b. Single Entry per member.

c. Photo can be clicked by any of the following mediums:

i Film Camera
ii Digital Camera
iii Mobile Phone

d. Size of the photograph should not exceed 100 KB.

e. The photograph should be self clicked.

You could edit your photograph and edit your photograph by using the Microsoft Digital Image Suite.

The Prizes include:

First Prize — Microsoft Notebook Mouse

Second Prize — A Wrist Watch

Each participant will win a Microsoft Windows Vista RC1 DVD as the participation prize.

NOTE: To upload you photograph, click on the ‘UPLOAD’ Button and upload your photograph. Your Photograph would be visible only after it has been moderated by the moderator.

2. SAY WHAT: In second contest you have to write a caption to the photo (shown below also) shown under contest “What Say” at mera windows.

The rules for the contest are:

a. Only registered members allowed.

b. Single Entry per member.

c. The Caption should not be more than 15 words.

The Prizes include:

First Prize — Microsoft Notebook Mouse

Second Prize — A Wrist Watch

Each participant will win a Microsoft Windows Vista RC1 DVD as the participation prize.

The Contest starts on 29th September, 2006 and runs till 29th October, 2006.

Note: These contests are for registered user only. So if you are not a registered user at mera windows then first you have to register yourself to take part in the contests and also don’t forget to write your address in manage profile link. So that mera windows can send you free DVDs to your address. Ready to take part in contests Go to http://www.merawindows.com/



Burn a BIN without a CUE using NERO
October 17, 2006, 3:35 pm
Filed under: Tips and Tricks

So you’ve downloaded a .BIN file, but there was no .CUE file associated and you still want to burn the .BIN file using Nero

Your options are:
1) Create yourself a .CUE
2) Convert the .BIN to an .ISO
3) OR use Nero to burn without the .CUE file!!!
Yes, that’s possible… just follow these steps and you will be sorted. No need for .CUE files anymore

1) Start Nero
2) File – Burn Image
3) Browse to the .BIN file that you want to burn and open it
4) A window saying “Foreign Image Settings” will open
5) Check the settings. They should be as followed:

T ype of image: leave it to Data Mode 1
Select the Raw Data check boxNote -> The block size will change automatically from 2048 to 2352.
Leave Image Header and Image Trailer unchanged and set to 0.
Leave “Scrambled” and “Swapped” check boxes unchecked.
6) Click on burn!
7) Enjoy.